Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta en-US jurnal.pkp2a4lan@gmail.com (Said Fadhil, S.IP., M.M) jurnal.jta@gmail.com (Desy Maritha, S.E., M.A., M.S.E.Ak.) Wed, 29 Jul 2020 10:40:11 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 BIROKRASI ADAPTIF DI ERA PANDEMI http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/157 <p>Pandemi <em>covid-19</em> telah membuat banyak perubahan, tidak hanya dari segi ekonomi maupun sosial namun juga merambah kepada tatanan pemerintahan yang saat ini harus menyesuaikan dengan adaptasi kebiasaan baru <em>(new normal), </em>hal ini diikuti dengan adanya berbagai instrumen hukum baru dengan menerbitkan berbagai produk peraturan perundang-undangan sebagai konsekuensi dari sebuah negara hukum.</p> <p>Ditengah krisis Pandemi <em>covid-19</em> banyak menciptakan tantangan baru di berbagai bidang tak terkecuali ranah birokrasi tidak terlepas dari perubahan. Salah satu kondisi normal baru saat ini terjadinya transformasi birokrasi secara fundamental dari birokrasi yang sebelumnya menggunakan cara-cara manual terus berkembang hingga saat ini menyesuaikan dengan sendirinya menuju transformasi teknologi informasi yang tetap berorientasi pada hasil. Pemanfaatan teknologi informasi membawa perubahan positif secara masif pada budaya dan cara pikir tersendiri bagi Aparatur Sipil Negara (ASN), apalagi mengingat hampir sebagian besar sektor pelayanan merubah pola pelayanan yang saat ini dilakukan secara manual tatap muka bertransformasi melalui teknologi digital.</p> <p>Merespon adaptasi kebiasaan baru Menpan RB dalam hal ini telah mengeluarkan Surat Edaran Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi Nomor 58 Tahun 2020 tentang Sistem Kerja Pegawai Aparatur Sipil Negara dalam Tatanan Normal Baru, salah satu kebijakan tersebut mengatur tentang pelaksanaan penyesuaian sistem kerja <em>work from home (WFH)</em> dan/atau <em>work from office (WFO) </em>bagi ASN untuk memastikan pelayanan publik kepada masyarakat tetap berjalan di tengah pandemi. Seiring dengan kebijakan tersebut LAN RI merespon dengan menyesuaikan metode pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) dengan mengeluarkan Surat Edaran Nomor 10/K1/HKM.02.3/2020 tentang Panduan Teknis Penyelenggaraan Pelatihan Dalam Masa Pandemi Corona Virus <em>Disease (covid-19)</em></p> <p>Digitalisasi birokrasi merupakan kultur baru yang dapat memangkas birokrasi berbelit yang memakan banyak waktu, tenaga, dan biaya. Dengan demikian, menimbulkan tantangan bagi para ASN untuk memberikan pelayanan yang semakin cepat, praktis, mudah, dan sederhana serta responsif. Namun demikian, risiko besar tetap mengintai dari aspek kinerja ASN yang justru sebaliknya yaitu dikarenakan ketidaksiapan Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) dalam menyambut era digitalisasi tersebut.</p> <p>Presiden Joko Widodo telah menetapkan lima arah pembangunan meliputi: (1) kelanjutan pembangunan infrastruktur, (2) pembangunan sumber daya manusia, (3) transformasi ekonomi, (4) reformasi birokrasi, dan (5) penyederhanaan regulasi. Presiden telah menyampaikan bahwa dalam menghadapi perubahan ini perlu adanya perampingan lembaga-lembaga negara agar tidak terjadinya tumpang tindih. Upaya perampingan tersebut merupakan bentuk penjabaran visi misi Presiden terkait reformasi birokrasi. Selanjutnya, perlu menjadi perhatian bahwa upaya perampingan lembaga pemerintah sebagai suatu langkah untuk memaksimalkan pelayanan kepada masyarakat yang harus disertai kesiapan dan ketahanan infrastruktur digital, guna menjalankan tatanan birokrasi baru bagi ASN pada khususnya, dan masyarakat pada umumnya. Melalui kultur baru birokrasi digital diharapkan dapat mempercepat reformasi birokrasi ditengah pandemi <em>covid-19</em>, sehingga mendorong peningkatan dan pemerataan pelayanan publik bagi seluruh masyarakat.</p> editor Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/157 Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:23:35 +0000 Flattening Indonesia’s Bureaucratic Structure: A Literature Review on the Urgencies and Consequences http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/153 <p>Under second term of President Joko Widodo’s administration, Indonesia is about to adopt vivid reform discourse, i.e. to flatten bureaucratic structure through streamlining the echelon system as a response to the change and development. Notwithstanding, it is inevitable that this reform would be of no overarching consequences. This paper attempts to seek the genuine urgencies and consequences of flattening the bureaucratic structure through streamlining the echelon system. Relevant literature following the criteria of systematic review method was extracted and independently reviewed. It is derived that it was the factor of corruption, competitiveness and human resource that urged the bureaucratic structure to flatten. Further,&nbsp; a change in working culture and environment as well as career management of the state apparatus appeared to be the consequences of such reform.</p> Dahlia Dahlia Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/153 Tue, 04 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 FINDING LAW OF TAX COURT FOR DECIDING FOREST RESTORATION OF ECOSYSTEM LEGAL ACTION http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/152 <p><em>The Land and Building Tax of the Forestry sector managed by the DGT is an objective tax whose tax depends on the value of the object. The number of objections to land and building tax disputes in 2017 was 384 or 4% of all objections. Decision of Tax Court Number PUT-107539.18 / 2015 / PP / M.IVB related to the stipulation of Land and Building Tax on Land and Building Tax objects in the form of ecosystem restoration forest. This is interesting to analyze because the main issue of the calculation of the sale value of forest tax objects has an ecosystem restoration function that does not yet have a specific regulation. The method used is normative juridical research with approaches: law, concept, case, and analysis. The research data in the form of primary legal materials are all written regulations and decisions of the Tax Court, secondary legal materials in the form of books, articles, and legal dictionaries. Data is collected by literature study which is done by searching, researching, studying, recording, and interpreting by polyiangulation. The collected data is analyzed qualitatively by recording, studying, and interpreting and then explaining descriptively. The results of the study revealed that the Tax Court Judge in deciding the Land and Building Tax dispute over an object in the form of an ecosystem restoration forest was not bound by written regulations but also considered the judge's beliefs. In addition, it is known that there are no specific regulations governing the valuation of land and building tax objects on forests that have an ecosystem restoration function.</em></p> Agus Suharsono, Aniek Juliarini Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/152 Tue, 04 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Community Participation In The Implementation Of Service Policy Breastfeeding Room In Banda Aceh City http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/151 <p><em>This qualitative study aims to describe and analyze community participation in the implementation of </em><em>breastfeeding</em><em> room service policy in Banda Aceh city using the CLEAR Model. The result shows that: (1) </em><em>T</em><em>he </em><em>breastfeeding</em><em> rooms are not provided in all government offices or public places in Banda Aceh, and most of the rooms do not meet the Ministry of Health's standard; (2) </em><em>T</em><em>he community gives a positive response and considers that this policy is beneficial. They hope that the implementation of this policy is continued and available in other public places. Public participation bases on the CLEAR model is the availability of sources of information and education such as posters and the direction signs to the </em><em>breastfeeding</em><em> room, and the mothers a can access the room comfortably. Furthermore, this research also found that the factors contribute to low access to the room are the habit of the mothers breastfeeding in the public space, and the poor quality of the rooms. Also, there is no specific socialization to the public about the implementation of the policy. Thus, increasing of public socialization regarding this regulation should employ communication, information and education (CIE) methods and fulfilment of </em><em>breastfeeding</em><em> room standards in Banda Aceh.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mira Gusweni Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/151 Tue, 04 Aug 2020 02:51:05 +0000 Quarantine Application Implications Areas Due To Disease Outbreak Based On Legal Regulations http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/148 <p><em>The spread out of a disease is a form of disaster which include into the category of non-natural disasters. The Ministry of Health has responded by realising various types of guidelines and protocols into form of guidelines, prevention methods, and other technical regulations. This research is a qualitative research with the approach method taken in this research is normative juridical approach through literature study. Qualitative research is a research which produces descriptive data in the shape of speech or writting and the observed of people behavior. The data which is obtained in this study are secondary data which comes from a number of books, articles, journals, mass media and electronics. The writing method uses analytical descriptive which describe and discuss comprehensively to find out the effectiveness of the </em><em>Government Regulation&nbsp; Number 21 Of 2020 About Large Scale Social Distancing In Order To Acceleration in Resolving Corona Virus Disease</em><em> (PP PSBB) is legitimated in the community and the government itself. The enactment of PP PSBB has legal consequences that have not been accomodate in order to the side of legal base umbrella it self. Some conditions require more specific technical regulations so that the primary regulation could be run. Thus, it could be stated that the system of regulation and the umbrella law in handling the abnormal conditions is not optimal. There is claim from the central government to the regional government that has to work together in order to to face the covid19. It reflected that there are certain terms and conditions in determining an area for the implementation of PSBB.</em></p> Veri Mei Hafnizal, ilham khalid Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/148 Wed, 29 Jul 2020 10:41:46 +0000 THE Constitutional Interpretation In State Of Emergency In Facing Public Of Health Emergency http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/150 <p><em>Abstract,&nbsp; The Constitution has explicitly formulated on article 12 of the Year 1945 Constitution stating that:"The president declares a state of danger, the terms and the consequences of the danger state stipulated by law". In the practice of national organizing, things are not normal in organizing the life of the state, where the existing legal system is unable to accommodate the needs of the state and society so that it requires a separate arrangement to drive the functions of the State in order to run effectively to ensure the fulfillment of basic rights of citizens. One of the problems experienced by all the nations of the world today is the threat from the epidemic of a Covid-19 virus. The central and local governments take the policy by closing the central places of the economy, trade, education and entertainment venues that are based on the economy. Abnormal state condition due to pandemic corona unlocks the country's determination in danger/emergency. This becomes problematic when the concept of state in danger has not become a paradigm in the formation of legislation. Although the Constitution has stipulated that the conditions and consequences of danger are established by law, but there is no legislation that specifically regulates the state's concept stagnation in a state of danger that should be able to follow the development of empirical realities of one of the possibilities of public health emergencies. It is therefore necessary to re-interpretation of the state concept in an emergency to fill the void of legal mind in the face of problems in the country.</em></p> Basri Effendi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/150 Thu, 30 Jul 2020 05:02:38 +0000 State In An Emergency According To The Constitution Of Republic Of Indonesia (Undang-Undang Dasar 1945) http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/133 <p><em>In the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (1945 Constitution), the provisions concerning emergencies (state of emergency) are regulated in two articles, namely Article 12 which states "the President declares a state of danger. The conditions and consequences of the hazard situation are stipulated by law "and Article 22 Paragraph (1) states," In the case of compulsion concerns, the President has the right to determine government regulations in lieu of laws ". Both point to the same problem, namely conditions that are excluded from normal circumstances. Of course, the understanding of these two articles has different meanings, even though the two articles are equally set against an unusual condition or outside normal circumstances. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the implementation of the state in an emergency according to the 1945 Constitution, the criteria or measures used in determining emergencies in Indonesia. The type of research used is normative legal research, which is research focused on examining the application of the rules or norms in positive law. The results showed the criteria or size in determining an emergency (state of emergency) need to pay attention to the rational basis for the enactment of an emergency that is the existence of reasonable legal needs (reasonable necessity), the existence of danger factors that threaten (dangerous threat), and in time or opportunities that prove to be very limited (limited time). It is recommended that various positive legal instruments should be provided which from the beginning anticipate the possibility of these unusual or abnormal conditions so that the functions of the state organs continue to function as they should</em></p> Mirza Sahputra Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/133 Wed, 29 Jul 2020 10:39:38 +0000 CLIMATE CHANGE: Fundamentals and Regulation Overview in Indonesia http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/149 <p>From its trending phenomenon, climate change adaptation and mitigation becomes mainly discussed in global discourse, including from the fundamental and law perspective. This article aims to elaborate decriptively the fundamentals concept of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. First section, the paper describes the fundamental of climate change concept. Second section, explains the previous researches regarding climate change adaptation and mitigation, and lastly elaborates the regulatory framework and list of the regulation enforcement in Indonesia. In addition, it also provides the historical overview of first enforcement of the Law, Presidential decree, the instructions of Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The History began since the ratification of law products from United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) in 1992, Kyoto Protocol, Bali Roadmap and several regulations regarding the Climate change management and control.</p> Desy Maritha Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Transformasi Administrasi http://jta.lan.go.id/index.php/jta/article/view/149 Tue, 04 Aug 2020 02:42:12 +0000